An Historical Contrast
A well-reasoned argument concerning slavery that goes back to 1790, when the population of the North and South was the same. The North abolished slavery. "This kind of labor was no longer suited to their industry, in which labor was valuable just in proportion to the intelligence with which it was guided." The North surged ahead, "showing the superiority of their social organization." The South cannot catch up, so "they now seek to break up a Government which, as a minority, they can no longer control."
Article compares slave states with free states to refute statement by Alexander Stephens, vice president of the Confederate States of America, that the South is superior. Throughout the war, the argument raged back and forth whether free (white) labor in the North was more efficient and more intelligent than enslaved black labor in the South, directed by white "aristocrats." Readers in Washington Territory were interested in this racial question.
Olympia, WA: John M. Murphy
Vol. 1, No. 35, p. 1, col. E, F
University of Washington (Suzzallo)