Letter From Oregon

DEB JAN 2 66 Oregon Ratification of 13th Amendment.png

Title

Letter From Oregon

Subject

Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)

Description

The report of a special session of the Oregon State Legislature describes:
l) Governor A.C. Gibb’s appeal to ratify the 13th Amendment abolishing slavery, and the subsequent approval of the measure by the Oregon Senate and House of Representatives (with three dissenting votes in each house);
2) the $100,000 debt incurred by the State for bounties and wages paid to Oregon soldiers;
3) a brief description of the cost to the State of Oregon (the amount is in six figures, but is illegible) “incurred to avoid the draft,” and whether this cost should be borne by the state or assumed by the national government.
This highly subjective and opinionated letter reports on recent events in Oregon; only the first section, which covers three Civil War-related issues, is described here. First, in a special legislative session, held in December of 1865, Oregon’s governor and legislature ratified the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution to abolish slavery. In each of the legislative houses, three members voted against the Amendment. The Governor, A.C. Gibbs (a Republican), made a strong case for ratification. The correspondent editorializes at length in support of the governor and is gratified by the legislature’s strong endorsement of the measure. Second, a short paragraph describes Oregon’s obligation to pay $100,000 for soldiers “bounties and pay.” The writer comments that Oregon’s finances are well prepared to pay this debt (apparently from bonds) over a 10 and 20 year period. Third, the correspondent reports the state owes debts “incurred to avoid the draft.” The explanation of this debt is not clear, and the amount of the debt owed, and to whom, is also not presented. The amount, unfortunately illegible, looks to be in the amount of six figures. The writer presents at length the conflicting arguments as to why states with such debts should be liable for them, or whether the federal government should “assume” them. Some of this third section is not legible.

Abstract

A report, with editorial comment, from an unnamed “Oregon Correspondent,” of a special session of the Oregon State Legislature dealing with the consequences of the Civil War.

Creator

Unknown

Source

Daily Evening Bulletin

Publisher

San Francisco, CA: Daily Bulletin Co.

Date Issued

1866-01-02

Medium

Web

Type

newspaper

Identifier

Article GT3002314205

Bibliographic Citation

Vol. XXI, Iss. 72, p. 4, col. A

Spatial Coverage

Oregon, State of

Temporal Coverage

1865

Provenance

King County Library System database, 19th Century U.S. Newspapers

URL

http://infotrac.galegroup.com.ezproxy.kcls.org/

Start Page

4

End Page

4

Geolocation